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International Affairs Committee


2010 Symposium Presentations

Presentations from a symposium on:
Community-Based Conservation on Rangelands
63rd Meeting of the Society for Range Management
Denver, CO

Abstract

Community-based management and conservation of rangelands has been advanced as the one strategy to maintain movement of livestock herds, secure land access in communal rangelands, increase profitability of the pastoral enterprise and improve rangeland health in many dryland systems. Over the past decade, efforts to promote community-based rangeland conservation and management have proliferated throughout the world, with over 2000 community-based rangeland management groups organized in Mongolia during 1999-2006 alone. Yet, apart from mostly qualitative case studies, there are few rigorous, large sample size evaluations of these efforts, or few opportunities to foster cross-case learning. This symposium brings together scholars and practitioners from various regions of the world to share and discuss their experiences with community-based rangeland conservation and management, with the aim of identifying common threads, potential best practices, and needs and opportunities for broader collaborative research to document the process and outcomes of these efforts.

 

Presentations from a symposium on:
Pastoralists and Property Rights
63rd Meeting of the Society for Range Management
Denver, CO

Abstract

Around the world pastoral production systems operate successfully under a wide variety of different property rights regimes, including private property, public (state) property, various versions of common (community-owned or managed) property, and complex patchworks of all of these. However, many pastoral societies are undergoing or have recently undergone significant socio-economic or political change, leading to transformations in herders’ and ranchers’ rights to land, forage, water, stock driveways, and other crucial pastoral resources. Interestingly, in some regions dominated by private property and exclusive leasehold regimes, producers are reconstructing a commons of sorts in order to facilitate cross-boundary, landscape-scale management, while in other regions where common property or state property regimes have long flourished, policy-makers have implemented or are considering private property policies, or their functional equivalent in long-term individual leaseholds. Conflicting theories suggest, on the one hand, that the flexibility and mobility required for sustainable livestock husbandry in arid and semiarid landscapes call for collective ownership and management of vast areas, and on the other, that private property, and by extension land markets, are needed to provide pastoralists necessary incentives for sustainable stewardship and to ensure the most productive and economically efficient use of land. This symposium examines this paradox of pastoral land tenure (the simultaneous demands for tenure security and flexible access to spatially heterogeneous resources), bringing together pastoralists and scholars from multiple continents to reflect on their experiences with pastoral tenure transformations, and their implications for the well-being of livestock keepers and the lands they depend upon.

 

 



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